Choosing a Suitable Life Jacket

There are many life jackets of different types depending on their usage areas. Some are standard, used in sporty small sailboats and known as flotation assistants, while others are in a way that can keep an unconscious person alive in an emergency in the open sea. We've prepared a selection guide for life jackets.

When choosing a life jacket, you must first choose according to the place you use. Racing sailors on small boats wear life jackets to help them float to ensure that their movements are not restricted and comfortable. It will not be a problem because they do not go to the open sea and the necessary security measures are taken in the races. However, for boats that sail on the open sea, life jackets should be preferred especially in accordance with SOLAS regulations.

 

The new generation of life jackets are equipped with carbon dioxide tubes to be smaller in size. In case of emergency, this tube with gas is detonated to allow the life jacket to swell in a short time. This type of life jacket sits manually and automatically. Manually sold are inflated by the user manually in case of an emergency. They're not safe enough because they can't be opened by someone who's fallen unconscious into the sea. They are preferred because their prices are more affordable than the other. Automatic ones are automatically activated in contact with water. That's why they're safe. In addition, in order for the life jacket to be safe, there must be an attachment in the unconscious sceptre area, preventing an unconscious person from suffocating to support his head.

 

SOLAS (Security of Safety at Sea: Convention on The Safety of Life at Sea) RULES

 

1) Life jacket is to be worn within 1 minute.

2) Keep an unconscious person's mouth and nose 12cm above. If this position is impaired by the effect of the wave, it should correct itself within 5 seconds and open the airways.

3) Red, cart green, orange should be easy to see in the sea.

4) When at least 4.5 meters high jumps into the water, it should not deteriorate and should not harm the user.

5) Reflective reflectors should be on it.

6) It should have a tightly attached whistle and a light that lights for at least 8 hours.

When choosing life jackets, you have to look at the lifting force values written on them as n values. Due to the lifting force of water, every 10 kg weight on land is equivalent to 1 kg weight in the sea. Therefore, at least 70 N force is required to float a person weighing 70 kg. Therefore, life jackets should be taken according to the written forces of 50, 100, 150N and user weight on the life jackets.

 

In addition, when choosing a life jacket for children and adults, it should always be checked to see if they sit on them. It will be more dangerous as it will not help to float life jackets that strain the height when they are swollen or reach the face by crossing the neck.

Especially the carbon dioxide pressure tubes of the new type of life jackets should be checked every year and replaced if necessary. Can vests should be inflated and whether they burst if inflatable tipse are blown every year. In addition, life jackets left in a humid environment on boats should be ventilated and dry at every opportunity and on sunny days in winter.

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