One of the most dangerous and negative situations that can be encountered on a boat while sailing at sea is fire. Therefore, all precautions against fire must be taken in full. It is necessary to have knowledge in terms of both hardware and training.
Every year, many boats start fires in our seas and marinas and boats are burned to the ground. Especially boats made of wood or fiber are very difficult to extinguish fires. So early precautions will be the most effective way.
Know Where Fire Extinguishers Are
A lot of boat owners put fire fighting tools in remote locations. It is compulsory according to the regulation to have one fire extinguisher for the engine, one for the kitchen and the number of fire extinguishers as the number of cabins on each boat. At the very least, fire extinguishers for the engine and kitchen must be within easy reach.
In addition, many people do not have the experience of using fire extinguishers at all. At the very least, how it will work, how to hold the fire zone at an angle of degree, closed places, what should be done to prevent damage to the user should be known.
Although the fire extinguishers appear to be full of pressure manometers, full maintenance is essential every year.
• Fire extinguishers, place them in easy-to-reach places.
• Do not disrupt regular maintenance every year.
• Be informed about them.
• Choose fire extinguishers with dry chemical powder. (color code blue)
Keep The Engine Room Clean
It is also a very common type of fire when the engines catch fire as a result of overheating. Therefore, no flammable or any other materials should be stocked in the engine apartments. Some boat owners and captains use some of the engine circles as storage, especially due to lack of space on motor yachts. This is not true, the fire will have a replicator effect.
Oil and fuel leaks on the engine must be checked and taken into account to prevent engine fires. The engine area must be cleaned of fuel and oil, and the sintines should be clean.
Watch out for the Heater on the Boat
The majority of fires in boats are due to non-standard heaters used during the winter months. Especially infrared rod-shaped heaters, overturning triggers fires. This type of heater is toppled because the waves in the sea are shaking the boat, even in the harbor. It's possible they'll start a fire in the area where they fell when they fell.
Therefore, such heaters should never be used on boats, and those who use them should be warned. Especially in marinas, the fire on a boat is easily spreading to neighboring boats. In place of such heaters, small heaters with fans should be preferred or diesel heating systems should be installed.
Check Electrical Cables
We use low electrical voltages like 12V and 24V on boats. However, as the voltage drops, ampere traction will increase in the use of high-power devices. Increased ampere steel will also increase the strain on cables. This causes non-standard cables that are not suitable thickness to heat up over time and start fires.
Always check the wiring as best you can when buying a second-hand boat. Don't get unreliable craftsmen to do the electrical work on your boat. Even a thin cable to be used can start a fire. Low voltages are much more dangerous. The electrical cause is at the forefront of marine fires in our country.
In order to protect the electric system of the boats against fire, you must first block the moisture in the boat. High humidity causes blackout of copper cables, loss of transmission and corrosion of electrical equipment. As a result, the cables and circuits that lose capacity will heat up more. Warming can cause fire.
In addition, arcs are very easy to form in low voltage systems. Maybe you've experienced how a 12V boat battery accidentally touches a hand steel hand key on both ends, melting and darkening the metal key.
Against Electrical Fires
• Do not use thin cables, make sure you have insurance protection for each unit.
• Do not work with unreliable craftsmen.
• If the capacity of changing products and electronic devices is increasing, increase or make sure they are in capacity on cables.
• Always keep the sintines of boats dry and strictly prevent moisture from boats.
Get Gas Systems Checked
The tube gas systems in the boats need periodic maintenance and leak control every year. So don't forget the maintenance of the gas systems and the replacement of the tubes. Do not keep the battery charger on at all the time; Some boat users, especially when they leave their boats for a long time, leave their battery chargers on. They keep their boats constantly attached to the 220V coastal tension. Although all kinds of protective thermal insurance is used in boats, there is no protection for defective batteries.
Batteries that are constantly charged and are getting old can boil over time. Especially as a result of thinning the plates inside them, they want to draw continuous current. The battery charger attached to the electricity continues to operate and cannot detect a setback. As a result, the batteries start to heat up and release gas. As a result of overheating, the possibility of fire increases in the area where the batteries are located.
It is not appropriate for long-term unused boats to have continuous coastal connections and to leave the batteries on continuous charging.