The wind's sail, the description made according to the angles of arrival from certain directions and the way to take the "cruise" is called. In sailing, there are generally three types of cruises. When we take the wind directly from the opposite side, our sails cannot work and to prevent this situation, we fill our sails by taking the wind at a certain angle relative to the sail.
The attempt of the sailing boat to go against the wind according to the direction of the wind is called ORSA NAVIGATION. No sailboat in the world can go straight to the wind. For the formation of pressure on the sails, the sail makes leafing, i.e. the sail makes a starboard, a scaffolding side, such as the flag's fluctuation, oscillary movement.
The wind hitting the boat from the boards (side) at a 90 degree angle is also called APAZ NAVIGATION. Apaz navigation is generally more comfortable in terms of less fainting of sailing boats than there. If the sailing boat is sailing from the rear of the wind, pupa is doing the course. It is often the most widely known type of navigation among the public. Now let's examine the courses in detail.
Course of Orsa
Sailing boats that cannot navigate directly against the wind, theoretically, when they take the wind at angles of 45 degrees relative to the boat, they move with the force produced on the sail. Therefore, in order to reach the target on the wind, the sailboats climb towards the wind by continuously making 90-degree turns during the course of the orsa against the wind.
These turns are called TRAMOLA, and tramola is a transformation made only on the course of the orsa and towards the wind. In the course of Orsa, sailboats usually sail in the wind, fainting slightly sideways with intensity.
The condition, which is characterized as lying sideways or fainting, takes place correctly as opposed to the direction the wind is coming from. To compensate for this blackout towards the WIND, the team moves in the direction the wind comes to the sail, i.e. on the WIND.
In addition, an extension is made under the boats that enters the water line called SALMA to prevent the sailing boat from fainting and sliding under the wind. Thanks to this extension, the boat can navigate more evenly and straight. An unsponitive course or even a sailing boat is unthinkable.
The fixed-raft sailing boats produced today, no matter how much they love it in the course of the orsa, the sinking situationdoes not exist except in the usual external situations. Their designs are very advanced and a wide range of releases have been produced accordingly.
It is the cruise where the wind hits the boat 90 degrees from the sides (boards). In general, sailing boats love less and go more balanced. Apaz is divided into two parts in the course.
When going close to the direction where the wind comes from, DAR APAZ is called WIDE APAZ when cruising further away from the wind, i.e. close to PUPA. The importance of swinging apaz is not as important as it is there.
In fact, boats with a play-swing pull or release to allow the boat to go faster to a certain extent depending on the current and wind conditions. Wide apaz course is known as the fastest cruising in an average wind. Because the shocking effect of the boat has decreased as in the course of the wind orsa, and as a result, increased friction forces do not occur and the boat progresses in accordance with the design.
Again, in an average wind, sailing boats perform best when they're straight and balanced. Of course, in this case, the wind is very low, such as exceptions should be excluded.
When the wind is very low, the team knocks the boat under the light wind to reduce water friction and to allow the sail to work better by giving it a slightly inclined shape.
In the course of Pupa, the wind comes from the rear of the sailing boat and fills the wind into the sail. As a result, the sailing boat travels, but the pupa emanates as the slowest cruise. The reflective effects on the boat have decreased considerably, and the task of the release is important in pupada, although not as much as the one there. The salma prevents the boat from swinging too far and left. Pupada therefore yachts according to their size, they print an extra sail called BALLOON SAIL on a certain scale. Thanks to this balloon, the total square meter of sailing on the sailing boat is enlarged, collecting better winds and aiming to increase the speed.