Rough Air Course with Sailing

The harsh weather is the weather condition in which the boat or its crew is starting to struggle. We can't define rough weather as a personal. The lower limit value of hard air will vary depending on the person's experience and knowledge. Some say 17 knots of wind speed is considered to be harsh weather, while winds of 30 knots or more are counted for racing sailors. But by international standards, we can divide the definition of harsh weather into three groups.

 

Wind from 20 knots to 33 knots: Warning air for small boats

Wind from 34 knots to 46 knots: Strong air

Wind spouts of 47 knots and above: Storms are counted.

Note: According to the American coast guard, boats 10 meters in length or below are counted as small boat class. Harsh weather conditions are classified according to wind speed. However, in addition to this condition, the speed of the wind as well as the wavelength and height should be taken into account. For example, a sailboat that is sailing on the coast will have a hard time in the waves formed by a wind of 33 knots blowing from the open, but will not be forced to the same extent as the wave height will be less at the same speed but in the wind blowing from the shore. The important thing is to know what to do in the course of the harsh weather and to take the precautions accordingly. We can group the preparations for the rough weather in three groups. In-deck, above deck, navigation and use.

On-deck Preparation 

We need to make all objects that may fall on board not move.

– Close all open lomobos and hatch covers. The growing waves can penetrate these sections that remain open. Teams of sailing yachts carrying their boats with reverse cover on the head may not be able to see the condition of the hatch cover on the head. Forgetting this place openly can cause a significant amount of water into the yacht.

– Check the water and costs of marin toilets and bath system. When sailing yachts lie laterally in harsh weather, there is a very high probability of water coming from these income and expenses. Therefore, keeping all these valves closed during cruising is necessary in terms of navigational safety.

– Toilet caps and unsecured cabin doors, which are often left open, can cause problems that will annoy you during the course of the journey. That's why they should all be kept closed.

– The sintine motor should be continuously checked in case of taking water directly from the bottoms of the yachts, from the bottoms of the crucifixion-puntel-istraly, or from the lomboz tyres.

– Materials such as towels and cloths laid on deck can shift the feet and cause serious injuries on a sailing yacht that is already lying laterally. They should definitely pick it up. On-deck preparation:

– Sailing boats lie with the effects of lateral forces, especially when they sail at small angled degrees with wind. If the degree of this bed reaches a certain degree depending on the characteristics of the boat, the rudder becomes uncontrollable. This is proof that the sailing boat is starting to have difficulty in terms of sleeping. No more sailing performance can be expected from a boat in such a situation. Therefore, the reduction of the sailing area (hitting the glass) should be started. In order for the centers of gravity of the sails not to move, especially the sails on the boat should be reduced together. It is mistakes made to navigate with genoa by closing the main sail or to only shrink the genoa sail. The sails should be hit to the same extent.

– If the anchor at the head of the boat is not properly secured, it will make oscillation movement with the waves. Fibre boats may be damaged as a result of this oscillation movement hitting the boat. Therefore, the studs should usually be fixed with a hand thin.

– Due to the effects of the harsh weather, except for the fallout on the boat, the biminis and blinds will both hold the wind and shake. As a result, they break apart and rip off the places where they hold on. That's why they need to be shut down.

– Crane arms should not be left on cranes. In case of loss of balance due to the waves, falling on the crane arm may cause injuries.

– If night time is to be done, it will be very dangerous to fall into the sea. Therefore, if the rough air course is to be done at night, a security strip should be installed on the deck in line with the head stern of the boat and the team moving on the boat should be connected to this lane. The man who fell into the water on a rough and dark night is very difficult to find and retrieve.

– On a sailboat that is quite laid down due to the wind, the engine should not be started unless it is forced. In this case, the sailing course with the engine should not be carried out together on a yacht. When the motor is powered on the side-by-side sailboat, the engine cannot make lubrication and refueling efficient. There's a good chance the engine will be damaged.

 

Navigation and use

– If you think the weather is harsh for you and you are going to take a long course, you should make a navigational plan in case the air becomes more hard. You must plan according to the proximity of the sheltered ports where you can take refuge and the possible state of the wave height, wind speed on the course of navigation.

– The waves that are growing should not be taken from the beginning or from the board. If possible, the wave should be taken from the shoulder rests of the boat. In addition, as the wave approaches, the boat must be re-anchored as the head of the boat opens and the wave hits the boat. In this way, the wave is mounted on the back of the wave and the impact of the wave is reduced.

– It is necessary to avoid hard rudder movements in the course of harsh weather. The movement of each hard button will have strong results.

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