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The general hunting ban on the seas, which began on April 15th, ended on September 1st. The new fish season began with controversy as the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry reduced the depth of fishing on the Black Sea coast from 24 meters to 18 meters. The ‘hunting depth’ tension between small-scale traditional coastal fishermen and larynx hunters remains.
Central Association of Fisheries Cooperatives (SURKOOP), the reduction of the depth limit to 18 meters, the baby fish population for feeding and protection of the shallow waters to the larynx networks and this will lead to habitat destruction He started a campaign on change.org. “Every decision taken without resorting to scientific thought causes the destruction and gradual destruction of living natural resources”, the requested result was not obtained from the call. Experts, however, continue to warn;
“The destruction of the highly biodiversity sea grasslands will soon lead to a decrease in fish stocks, endangered species will emerge.”
What the hunting depth limit means, how this arrangement will affect our ecosystem, the demands of coastal fishermen and larynx hunters, the Central Union of Fisheries Cooperative sourcing with The Chairman of the Board of Directors ramazan Ozkaya istanbul Prof. University, Department of Fisheries Technology and Management, Faculty of Water Sciences. We spoke to Dr. Saadet Karakulak.
The European Union (EU) Council adopted an amendment in 2006 (COUNCIL REG.” (EC) No. 1967/2006) banned larynx hunting at least 300 meters from the coast and in shallow waters from 50 meters. Surkoop President Ramazan Ozkaya, who said that this ban was imposed by foreseeing the damage it could cause in the protected endemic marine fanerogams and posidonia meadows, which span up to 40 meters in the seas. 25% of the fauna is home to vital activities such as shelter, feeding, hiding, hunting and reproduction.”
“The biggest reason for the legal change is the pressure of the throat-hunters”
The Directorate General for Fisheries and Fisheries said that in 2012 it banned hunting in shallow waters than 24 meters in order to “protect and sustain current fishing stocks”, based on the DECISION of the COUNCIL of the EU. eden Ozkaya, today, such a change is the biggest reason for the excessive pressure created by the throat hunters, he said.
“The border is 50 meters in eu member states bordering the Mediterranean”
Ozkaya, who considers the European Union’s (EU) decision to reduce the prohibition of throat-hunting depth, which is 50 meters in mediterranean countries, to 18 meters in Turkey as “a decision that would jeopardize the sustainability of fishing”, said Ozkaya, adding: Noted:
“The number of fish caught is decreasing every year”
“Since 2007, the amount of fish kept every year, including inland waters, has decreased. This shows that stocks are worn out, fish sizes have shrunk, some economic species have decreased enough to disappear. In order for the fish to regenerate itself, it must be decided to increase the protected areas to 10 percent and switch to the quota system and regional hunting.”
“We must uphold regulations based on biological sustainability”
“In order to benefit from our live sea resources in the future as it is today; we must together uphold the rules and regulations based on economic, environmental and biological sustainability, which prioritize fair sharing and the interests of our people!”
What are the drawbacks of using the larynx network in shallow waters?
Ozkaya, with the arrangement to be used in shallow waters, the drawbacks of the larynx networks as follows:
“While the lower frosts of the larynx nets with an average depth of 90 fathoms (160 m) are at the bottom, even at a depth of 24 m, and the bottom of the ropes of the oyster (pucker) is scanned like a troll, these tools are used to hunt in shallower waters. transport will lead to habitat destruction. It will also damage the stock piles of young fish that use these shallow areas as a feeding and development area.”
“The reason for the larynx fishermen does not fully reflect the truth”
On the other hand, larynx fishermen say fish found close to the coast have fled to neighbouring countries. Ozkaya asked about the fairness of these claims, said:
“There is a 30m depth ban in some areas in Greece and 50 meters in some areas. It is often said that it travels from shallow waters from 24 meters for bluefish, acorns and oysters. But we already hunt 80% of the acorns in the world. Besides, there is no rule that every fish will be caught, and vice versa, the fish must be allowed to breed once, so that their generation will continue. For him, this justification does not fully reflect reality.”
Referring to the necessity of duplicating the protection areas Ozkaya, “We may be restless, unhappy, but certainly not hopeless,” he said.
Prof. Dr. Karakulak: Larynx nets scan the seafloor
Prof. Chair of Fisheries Technology and Management, Faculty of Fisheries, Istanbul University. Dr. Saadet Karakulak is another name that reacts to the reduction of the depth limit to 18 meters, if not sufficient, to give young fish a chance to live and to leave hunting grounds for small-scale traditional fishermen. The larynx network touching the sea floor in shallow waters, mapas on the lead collar and mapa through the istinga ropes that pass through the ground scanning the ground, karakulak, said the drawbacks of this situation as follows:
Zernov meadows, the lifeblood of the seas, are in danger
“Sea plants, known as sea meadows in the Mediterranean, Aegean and partly Marmara Bay, called Zernov meadow sprang up to 30 meters deep in the Black Sea, are the lifeblood of these seas. Large-scale fishing in these shallow areas could lead to the extinction of these species, whose dispersion areas are decreasing alarmingly.”
“The depth limit of 18 meters will reduce fish stocks in the near future”
“In the near future, there will be a decrease in fish stocks and endangered species. In addition, the hunting efficiency of our small-scale traditional fishermen, which should be hunted mainly in the coastal area, will decrease, and the hunting tools used by the two fishing belts will be lost.”
“The future of Sturgeon fish and sharks, which are declining on the Black Sea coast, is at stake”
“Sea creatures that the fisherman hunts and throws into the sea without targeting with the larynx net are of great importance for the ecosystem. There are sturgeons and sharks in the Black Sea, which are declining. Many marine creatures will also be harmed in this hunting.”
|The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) reported in its current report on the state of fisheries in the world in 2018 that the fish beds with the lowest sustainability are in the Mediterranean and Black Sea (62.2% overfishing) . Tuik fisheries hunting data; It is worth noting that the amount of prey in 2000 was 500,000 tons, but in 2018 it dropped to 314,000 tons. This is the case; the amount of fish fish being hunted every year decreases. Although it is not possible to catch the amount of fish in the past years by looking at these data, the continuation of protective measures taken for sustainable fishing is important.|
“The first big fish to be affected by the negativity; the ecosystem tends to shift towards small fish”
Stocks will collapse if measures are not taken to protect fish stocks in fisheries management, Karakulak said, warning that the ecosystem is starting to tend to shift entirely towards small fish.
|Kenan Kedikli, known for his writings on fishing, shared the following information about the characteristics of the larynx nets and the depth of hunting:|
“The depth of the larynx nets is 165 meters and there is no length limit. In 2012, the minimum hunting depth from 11 meters to 24 meters was changed to a minimum of 18 meters by the regulation made this month.
The lead side of the larynx nets (the part of the nets that allows the sea sinks) is about 5-6 tons on average and the length is around 1200-1300 meters on average. The average machine power is around 1500-2000 HP.
Coastal fishermen (small-scale traditional fishermen) hunt in coastal areas with traditional hunting vehicles such as fishing rods, paraketa, extension and voli nets. In our country, the length of the boat belonging to this class is determined as a maximum of 10 meters. According to the legislation, hunting zones are limited to a maximum of 6 nautical miles from the coast. They are described as “low-impact fishing” in the international fishing literature in coastal fishing, a labor-intensive fishing model.
FAO/GFCM recommends 50 meters for the depth of fishing. In our neighbouring Greece, this rule is applied as 50 meters in depth of hunting. Also in Greece, the larynx nets are limited to a depth of 150 meters and a length of 800 meters.
While large-scale industrial fishing is being limited all over the world, small-scale traditional fishing center policies are being tried to protect it.
In this context, a protocol was signed with our country on the protection of small-scale fishing in the work and meetings of fao/GFCM Mediterranean countries at the ministerial level.”
*Images in news text: Meral Chinar