Preparation Before Going to The Boat
- On the way to the boat, choose foldable bags instead of hard-wheeled suitcases.
For summer trips, the wear used is like regular trips in terms of style and number. (Baggy t-shirts, 2-3 shorts, 2-3 pairs of trousers, underwear etc. for a weekly trip)
But for sailing, don't forget to buy a raincoat and a fleece, even if it's the hottest season.
- Make sure it's a bathing suit!
- If you like to sleep outdoors under the sky, bring your sleeping bag.
- Use a soft-bottomed shoe with six white or light colors.
- Always take your shoes off on the beach or on the pier, or ask permission, especially when boarding a boat by someone you don't know. One slipper for the summer. Tire sabos can do the same. Use a visor hat to protect yourself from the sun. It should be kept in mind that the helmets restrict the visibly on the sail and cause the bumbaya to hit the head, especially when landing on the boat.
- Have a couple pair of sailor gloves with their fingers cut off. In general, such products can be found on the boat or you can carry your own materials. It is very dangerous to attach ropes, cranes and similar moving equipment to jewellery such as imprints, necklaces or parts of clothing during sailing. Take off your ring and watch!
- Polarizing your sunglasses can make you notice the shallows and underwater cliffs early.
- Sailing jackets to the appropriate standard for severe conditions
- In the seasons when there are heavier conditions, we recommend dressing three folds. Synthetic thermal interior at the bottom, easy to dry even when wet. A sailor's coat made for this job, with thin fleece in the middle and preferably breathable fabric at the top.
- The sailboat's coat is different from standard coats with hoodie, wristbands, zippers and fabric quality. If there is none, a simple raincoat does the same, but thick winter coats, especially goose feather coats, are not generally preferred for the sea.
- Bereaved to the head, wool gloves-outside the cruising- and thick socks
- Soft-bottomed boot if there will be rain or harsh weather applications.
- Masks, snorkels and palettes for diving if you are curious.
- Sailing boats are usually not taken with diving gear and/or harpoons, but you can consult your agent or captain.
- Your own personal care materials (toothbrush, toothpaste, razor blade, soap, deodorant)
- Boat trips, whether special or charter towels, sheets and bed linen are available. To be installed, we usually prefer pestles, easy to dry, easy to store.
- Must sunscreen for summer (at least 30 factors)
- A backup of your numbered glasses if you are constantly using
- If there is special medication used, it should be added to the list (such as blood pressure, heart or sugar)
When Taking Delivery of the Boat
- The electric panel,
- Navigation elements,
- Fuses and switches,
- Sailing equipment,
- The mechanism of the irgat,
- Toilets and showers,
- Kitchen, stove and oven,
- Ask the axle and the engine and how all this works.
- You should learn the non-standard features of the boat (generator, wind and solar panels, TV etc.) if there are other ones.
Boats returning from a previous trip are cleaned, checked and prepared. This may take a few hours. In general, diesel tank and water tanks are delivered and delivered full.
- LISTEN TO YOUR CAPTAIN!
Read, observe, and worry as much as possible. This is the shortest, safest and easiest way to learn about boating!
Furnace-cooker units in boats work with gas to reduce the use of electricity. It must be protected against shaky and from the extinguishing of the flame due to the wind.
- PUT WHAT YOU BOUGHT WHERE YOU BOUGHT IT
Sailing is a hobby, but it involves serious dangers. Remember
- IT'S NOT A JOKE!
Don't walk around without shoes on the deck.
When you make a change to boat usage (such as turning a button on and off on the electric dashboard, lowering the switch), always inform the captain or a friend.
- TURN IT OFF WHEN YOUR BUSINESS IS DONE.
Put it out if it's unnecessary!
Net the boat both on the cruise and in the iron. Keep in mind that anything left loose around will start flying on the sail course.
Close the doors before you go to the watch. If it is open, secure it with back-door locks. Lock the drawers. Close the kitchen cabinets. Place the ones on the counter and put the rest in the sink. Unlock the oven, especially if there's something on it, let it shake.
Pour the boiling water from the kettle into the sink on the way to the course, fill the thermos if used, place it in a sturdy place.
In docking and combat, there is no EL-FOOT! There are razors
It is DANGEROUS and FORBIDDEN to fall off a sailboat on the way!
For boat safety and tips, check out the Safety at Sea section.
Shopping and Kitchen Layout
If there are those who are interested in culinary affairs on the boat, it is very useful to plan the shopping and placement of those taken on the boat.
If you leave the big centers, it is much more affordable to choose large markets such as Tansas and Migros rather than marinas or grocery stores close to the boat.
You can not throw away shopping bags and use them as garbage bags while traveling.
Apart from these, large sized battal garbage bags are very useful in situations where they do not come to a center for a long time. In these transitions, we carry garbage on the boat we pull behind our backs.
There's nothing more than water, bread, canned goods and pasta! Beer is usually the product that follows immediately on this list. Get more than you've calculated!
Buying products cold and keeping the refrigerator full from the start saves electricity.
If there is an enthusiastic team that understands these things, theoretically there is no food to be made on the boat. However, it is also possible to approach a pier for all meals and eat on land. Talk about this as a team in advance.
It's usually fun to have breakfast on the boat. We prefer tea bags. Crustaceans are the least adorable products on a sailing boat where the wind is constantly blowing. Instead of beans and salted peanuts, there is a great benefit in choosing shellless products such as almonds and hazelnuts. Ice if it can be found. Small ice is made of drinkable water, but does not last long. In contrast, ice is obtained from fish houses and ice houses. It's hard to find, but they last a long time. ask from the beginning if it is made of drinking water.
Since the water of using dishes is usually restricted in all sailing boats- we wash with sea water and rinse with normal water. In the bays where there are those swimming in the sea, the dish is definitely not done.
Boat furnaces and stoves are not electric. It works with gas. In general, most of the brand picnic tube slots are filled, but if a long course is to be taken, whether there is a spare tube or where it can be found should be investigated. The boat furnace-furnaces, which are manufactured for this purpose of quality, spontaneously stop the flow of gas when the flame is extinguished from the wind. Some are connected to the electrical system.
Garbage and Waste on the Boat
- To keep waste production on the boat to a minimum, we shrink plastic pet bottles and vacuum them with their lids, compressing metal box bottles such as cola and beer.
- The most practical way to reduce the use of detergent is to scrape away heavy oil and food residues with paper towels and throw them away.
- No garbage from a boat is thrown into the sea, it doesn't step on its sintine. Dirty water tanks are only pressed when sailing in the open sea. Plastics, synthetics, oil and petroleum products, detergents and batteries are the products with the least respect for nature. Keep them and ensure that they are duly destroyed in the ports and marinas where you dock.
- Clear a deserted sheep's beach to see which product quickly disappears in nature and damages its surroundings! The more boring but detailed way of this is to read the MARPOL declarations…
Toilet and Bathroom Use
On sailing boats, toilets are usually attached to a dirty water tank and do not ejaculate directly into the sea.
When the dirty water tank is sailing in the open sea (faster than 4 miles), it is discharged actively (i.e. with a pump or maserator) or passively (i.e. by opening its valve).
If you have taken a swimming break in a bay, confirm that the dirty water tank valve is closed before going to the toilet.
Toilets can be manual or electric. They send the water they draw from the sea through a pipe into the filthy water tank.
In the manual ones to avoid sewage and odors in the pipe, pump it 15-20 times with water and bring it to the dry side with the button.
DON'T THROW ANYTHING IN THE TOILET! Paper towels, selpak handkerchiefs or toilet paper, but especially cologne handkerchiefs or cloth pieces cause congestion in the system. Cleaning and repairing is an unpleasant dirty business.
Yachting is a polite discipline, PLEASE SIT DOWN AND EAT!
It's a standard valve used in boats. Closed when perpendicular to pipe, open when parallel
The freshwater tanks in the boat are for the use of water. It is possible to fill the tanks in marinas or scaffolding where water can be taken. The filling caps are usually decks, not to confuse them with diesel tank input!
The occupancy of the warehouses can be monitored from the indicator on the power board.
Fresh water in the tanks is pumped into the system with a hydrophore, i.e. the faucet, both toilets, showers and kitchen. The hydrophore works with 12V or 24 V.
Some boats can also use a kettle ( boiler). Water heaters usually operate when both the engine and the engine are not working, when there is no generator on board, when the coastcable is connected with 220 V electricity.
The water of use on the boat is below the standards we are used to in city life. Save as much as possible!
In sailing boats, seawater foot pumps are also used. When using these, it is necessary to make sure that the sea water is clean, not to use it in the marina in the ports and where the water is not clean.
After cleaning the coarse of the kitchen by pulling water from the sea, simply rinsing with the use water saves serious water.
The exit of all the sinks on the boat is directly connected to the sea. In a bay where a swimming break is interrupted, you should not wash dishes in the same way as you do not print a dirty water tank in the daytime!
Sailing boats get their energy from 12V batteries. Their installationcan be 12 or 24 V.
Diesel engines charge battery groups as in the same land vehicles as the alternator on them. Keeping engine speed at 2000 or above is more effective for charging.
The refrigerator inside the boat, lighting, electronic devices, navigationlanterns and autopilot also use 12 or 24 V electricity. During this use, another group has been formed to ensure that the engine battery does not complete its charge. It's called a service group. Groups can be separated from each other by both switches or switches. In this way, during use, the engine battery is prevented from fully discharged.
Even if the battery group that feeds all other so-called service uses is exhausted, it is possible to start the engine by taking the switch into the engine group.
The status of the batteries (voltmeter), how much energy is drawn (amperemeter), how large the charge (DC amp charge) and the current electrical order and capacity are monitored from the electrical panel.
220V is only supplied when docked at piers or marinas if there is no generator.
The 220V electric redresor from the beach charges the batteries with a device called a device.
In addition, 220V-powered appliances (laptop and/or mobile phone chargers, razors and games, etc.) can be operated with an inverter. However, units such as hairdryers, irons, heaters or air conditioners can not be used except for 220V electricity from the beach as they draw huge amounts of current.
Instead of running an inverter, you can have a lighter-socket cell phone and iPod etc. on the boat. having charges with you is advantageous in terms of electricity consumption.
Some large boats have marin model generators. They are very expensive but effective systems that are generally fed by the machine's diesel system and cooled by seawater. The most important advantages are that they are quite quiet.
Wind generators or solar panels can also be used to generate electricity on the boat without the need for any external resources. These products, which are mostly preferred by long-distance boats, may not be available on standard charter boats.
Irgat only works when the engine is started on many boats. When collecting the chain, give the machine idle gas.
- Sailing boat engines are usually diesel-marin machines. Low-speed units (approximately 2000-4000 rpm range), low diesel fuel, cooled with sea water. However, check the diesel tank before it goes on the rails.
- Learn how to operate and stop the engine.
- Learn and follow the panel and indicators. In particular, the consultants (heat, oil pressure and charge) give audible warning.
- Never turn the switch off or remove the switch while the engine is running. The engine doesn't stop like this, but the gauges and alarms don't work.
- As soon as the engine is up and running, see the water excretion from the exhaust.
- Before starting the engine, look at the oil and water. Check the belts and engine block.
- Do not use the engine at full speed for long periods of time. the ideal cruising speed is 2/3 of the full cycle.
- Idling for a long time is also not suitable for the production technique of the diesel engine.
- When sailing, do not start the engine continuously on the side-lying boat.
- The balance of the side-lying engine changes, puts extra strain on the ears attached to the floor, in addition to the diesel tank dirt causes blockages. This is the underlying reason for the need to sail and not start motors in heavy seas.